Whos a disciple (=mureed )?
In the dictionary mureed is defined as the one who wishes, who has his own freewill and desire.
As a Sufi term it means the one who doesnt act freely , who acts according to the will of God and his Sufi Master (= Murshid). The word dervish (=disciple) is used as a synonym for dependent, member.
It also means a seeker who takes initiation from a Perfect Murshid to learn the secrets of life and death.
There are three types of disciples (=mureeds) in accordance with the stages they have attained in Sufism.
a) The novice (= Mubtadi ): The one who is willing to travel on the Sufi path by obeying certain rules under the guidance of a Sufi Master and who is ready to face the difficulties of the spiritual journey to move from separation to union.
b) The intermediate (=Mutawassat): It is the name given to the ones whose spiritual development on the Sufi Path is in the intermediate level.
c) The climax (=Muntahi): The one who attains divine union and contemplation is called so.
Disciples (=mureeds) are divided into three groups according to their capabilities.
1) The Close Ones (=Muqarrabin): This phrase expresses the most talented disciples . The Sufi Master teaches and trains these talented disciples through the system of shattar.
2) The Righteous (=Abrar): These disciples are talented but not that much. The Sufi Master trains them according to the system of abrar.
3) The Virtuous (=Ahyar) : These are the ones whose spiritual capacity is less than the others. These disciples are educated according to ahyar system by their Sufi Master.